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Author Topic: O2 Sensor Codes 41/42/91/92 Troubleshooting  (Read 16409 times)
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« on: March 15, 2011, 03:22:13 pm »

    O2 Sensor Codes 41/42/91/92 Troubleshooting

    41 - System Indicates Lean -passenger side(R), No O2 Sensor Switching Detected. always lean -passenger side(CM)
    91 - System Indicates Lean -driver side(R), No O2 Sensor Switching Detected. always lean -driver side(CM)
    42 - System Indicates Rich -passenger side(R), No O2 Sensor Switching Detected. always rich -passenger side(CM)
    92 - O2 Sensor Circuit Indicates Rich -driver side(R), No O2 Sensor Switching Detected. always rich -driver side(CM)

    Oxygen (O2) Sensor

    Tools Required: (in addition to the generic tools)
    • Digital VOM or DMM
    • Wiring diagrams for your year Mustang
    • Vacuum diagram for your year Mustang
    • If a 7/8" open wrench cannot be used to remove O2 sensors, due to the threads being seized, or space limitations, an O2 sensor socket/wrench might be needed.

    Testing Procedure:
    1. Disconnect the O2S. Measure resistance between the sensor connector terminals PWR and GND (heater). If the reading is 2-30 ohms, the sensor's heating element is okay.

    2. With the O2S connected and the engine running at normal operating temperature, measure voltage with DVOM between sensor connector terminals HO2S and SIG RTN. If the voltage reading is 0-1.0V at idle and 0.5-1.0V when accelerating, the sensor is okay.

    3. Perform the following tests noting the following, '86-'93 O2 sensors are 3-wire setups, eventhough the following chart shows a 4-wire setup, the tests can be performed as specified. 3-wire sensors DO NOT use a SIG RTN circuit....[/list]

    Courtesy of TMoss and Veryuseful.com

    4. Codes 41/91 (Lean Condition) specific tests:

       4a. For codes 41/91 (lean condition), it is always recommended to check the condition of the HEGO GND circuit (pin 49 at ECM connector), a bad/open ground circuit will cause lean readings from the O2 sensors. The HEGO GND is an Orange wire, with a ring connector, that goes bolted to the back of the driver side cylinder head. Identified as item #19 in the following harness diagram.

    Courtesy of TMoss and Veryuseful.com

       4b. If the HEGO GND connection is OK, do a continuity test from pin 49 at the ECM connector, ECM disconnected, to a good ground source, the resistance reading should be equal/less than 5 ohms....NOK?...trace HEGO GND and repair open condition....OK?...goto 6.

       4c. Create an obviously rich condition in the system by doing the following:

    Speed Density Systems:

    • Remove MAP vacuum hose and plug hose.
    • With a manual vacuum pump, apply 12"-14" Hg of vacuum to the MAP sensor and verify it holds vacuum, NOK?....replace MAP, repeat KOER self-test, if codes 41/91 show up....continue to next step.
    • Start engine and make sure idle is possible with the lowest vacuum applied to the MAP and an obvious rich condition.
    • Run a KOER self-test and check if codes 41/91 repeat....they don't?..go to the Mass Air Systems check.....they do?....reconnect MAP sensor vacuum hose, and replace O2 sensors based on the lean code showing.

    Mass Air Systems

    • Disconnect O2 sensors, probe O2 signal wire of the disconnected O2's with a DVOM to a good ground, run a KOER self-test and monitor O2 signal voltage.
    • Repeat test above for both sensors.
    • 2 signal should be above .55 vdc at the end of the KOER self-test....NOK?...replace sensor...OK?...perform a continuity check of the O2 signal wires from the O2 harness connectors to the ECM pins....resistance should be less/equal to 5 ohms....NOK?....trace and repair open wire condition and repeat KOER self-test...OK?....next step.
    • Disconnect O2 sensors,disconnect ECM, Ign Off, check resistance between O2 signal wires to pins 20, 40, 49 and 60....resistence should be equal/greater than 10,000 ohms....NOK?...trace and repair O2 signal wire short to ground....OK?...replace ECM.

    5. Codes 42/92 (Rich Condition) specific tests:

       5a. Create an obvious lean conditon in the system, by removing the PCV from its location, and leave it exposed to atmosphere. Also disconnect any other vacuum supply line from other components (CANP solenoid, EVR solenoid, TAB/TAD solenoids)...the exception would be the fuel pump regulator vacuum line.

       5b. Rerun a KOER self-test and check for codes 42/92 (ignore any other codes caused by the vacuum lines disconnections)....are codes 42/92 present?...NO?...replace O2 sensor(s) and re-check.....YES?...5c.

       5c. At this point, the O2 sensors have been identified as functional, the cause for a rich code/condition may not be EEC related and will need testing.

    Other Causes for Lean/Rich Codes or Condition:

    There are other conditions that could cause mixture or O2 related codes, and would need specific checks to be performed. Some are not EEC-IV related, but affects its performance....others affect the logic used to set mixture by modifying the inputs from specific sensors but will not cause a sensor failure code. The specific parameters/components that affect EEC-IV A/F setting are:

    • Static fuel pressure should not exceed 45psi (Ign On, engine off).
    • Fuel pressure leakdown should not exceed 5psi in a 60 second period from static reading, if it does, a leaking injector(s), or faulty FPR possibilities should be checked.
    • Codes 42/92 could be caused by failures in the thermactor system (if "smog stuff" is still operational), a clogged crossover tube or passages at the rear cylinder heads could be the cause for codes 42/92 to be logged during KOER and as CM failures.
    • Mismatched MAF-injectors condition, a miscalibrated MAF for the injectors installed, could also cause lean or rich conditions. A 36# injectors calibrated MAF could cause a lean condition if 24#/19# injectors are used. A rich condition could happen, if the opposite combo is made, a 19# injectors calibrated MAF, with 24#/36# injectors installed.
    • Faulty MAP/BP w/out having a failure code 22 logged by the system, to check this possibility go to code 22 Diagnostics in this section.
    • Clogged PCV valve, hose or intake vacuum source.
    • The use of an open breather, PCV system has to be a close system style to prevent an unmetered air conditionn, and a lean condition. If breathers are to be installed, the PCV system would have to be removed, and eliminated, to allow the use of open breathers and not have an unmetered air condition.
    • Engine sealing, vacuum leaks, low compression, valve train problems...are other components that will cause A/F problems and codes.

    Hope this helps someone....



    '86 Mustang GT, X-303 cam, Holley DP 700, RG Tran., 289 Heads   Ford Smilie 2

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